Skull Base Surgery
Skull base consists of different parts such as brain, eyes and ears. Skull base in the lowest part that important parts such as brain, is placed there. 12 nerves including, smelling, taste, eyes movement, hearing, larynx, spinal cord and main vessels are connected with the brain. Any damages to this area can result in dead and paralysis.
Skull base surgery, is a non- invasive surgery which is used in examining, diagnosis and treatment of the benign tumors of the brain, spinal cord or skull base. This surgery also removes any congenital disorders.
- Cysts from the birth
- Tumors due to infection
- Hypophysis tumors
- Pain in Trigeminal nerve
Are some problems that removes by skull base surgery, which is done in 2 ways:
- Endoscopic surgery with less invasive
In this surgery, small incisions are created inside the nose and tumors are removed
- Open skull base surgery
In this surgery, incisions are created on the face and skull base and some parts of the bone may be removed.
- Facial pain
- Hearing loss
- Nasal congestion
- Repeated sinus infection
Sinuses are empty cavities that are placed in the head, face and around the nose. Sinuses are full of mucus and leakage is exited, if these secretions become infected, or increased, there may be risk of sinusitis. Keep in mind that, in allergy, amount of the secretion will be increased and patient feel it in dorsal and anterior part of the nose.
Causes of sinusitis
- Dental infection
- Viral infection
- Entering damages to the nose
- Nasal fracture
- Doing procedures on the nose
Cold, is one of the most common causes of sinusitis.
Symptoms of sinusitis
- Nasal congestion
- Increasing secretion of the nose
- Fullness of the nose
- Pressure on the nose
Generally, there are 2 types of chronic and acute sinusitis.
After a cold, secretion will be increased and lack of treatment, can results in sinusitis or bacterial sinusitis, which has pain or other symptoms.
Sinusitis is improved after a while by considering some cares. To treat the acute form of the sinusitis, patients should use antibiotics or anti- inflammatory drugs.
Having nasal congestion, nasal leakages and fullness more than 3 months, means that chronic sinusitis. This type of sinusitis, doesn’t have any pain.
In some patients, endoscopic surgery is done. In this surgery, inside the nose will be considered, to examine mucus and leakage of the nose, and then is used for confirmation, diagnosis and treatment.
Ear surgery (Otoplasty)
Having big and imbalance of the ears, decreases self- confidence. Some of these problems are congenital, such as:
- Lack of auricle
- Double ears
- Gap in the auricle
- Knotted ears
Cosmetic ear surgery also known as otoplasty, removes such problems and done under anesthesia. During surgery, incisions are created in ear cartilage, and surgeons remove excess skin and then create sutures. This surgery always takes 2 hours.
If a patient has prominent on the ears, reconstructive surgery is done. In this surgery, skin is removed, combined behind the ear and the cartilage will be reduced. There are various types of techniques for this surgery. These techniques depend on the surgeon and procedures. Reducing the cartilage and cartilage scoring are the most common procedures.
Benefits of reducing cartilage are as follows:
- Sutures are used to form the ear
- Suitable for removing bending the ear
- Suitable for damaged ears and removing defects of the auricle
- Recovery of damaged ear due to burning and tearing
- Suitable for those who have congenital ear problems
Benefits of otoplasty
Those who seek this surgery, should know:
- This is a safe and harmless surgery
- This surgery removes any ear defects
- This surgery increases self confidence
- Patients will heal after 1 week
- This surgery improves mental conditions of the patients
- Incisions are minimal
- This surgery reconstructs natural appearance of the ear
Pre- operative cares
Patients should avoid smoking, 5 weeks before surgery
Using medications such as aspirin and anti- inflammatory should be avoided, because they can increase risk of bleeding
Patients should care about their skin
Cosmetic Nose Surgery
Cosmetic nose surgery is one of the most popular surgeries which is done to make harmony between your nose with other parts of the face.
Choosing the best and skilled surgeon is so important.
Bony nose surgery
Noses with hump and less skin are called bony noses. These noses always will have better result, and less cartilage is needed.
Fleshy nose surgery
Noses with less cartilage and thick skin are called fleshy noses are more sensitive than bony noses. During nose surgery, excess skin is removed and cartilage will be improved. But by choosing the best surgeon, best result will be gained.
Pre- operative cares
Before surgery, you should have consultation with your surgeon, he or she explains necessary things and also does tests and photos. Patients should avoid alcohol and smoking, 2 weeks before surgery.
You should not eat food and drink water before surgery, and go to clinic or hospital, 1 hour before surgery.
Those who are under 18, should have their parent’s satisfaction.
Post- op cares
- Avoid entering damages to the nose
- Use pillows while sleeping
- Apply ice pack on the nose to prevent swelling and bruising
- Eat more liquids and soft foods, to prevent pressure to the nose
- Use prescribed drugs and medications
- Wash your nose with a sterile serum
- Taping is the most post- operative cares to reduce the swelling and also shapes the nose.
- Tampon is removed 3 days after surgery.